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Full text of "The home of Picher sublimed white lead."

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37 /r?. 





Ct)e Sntoentor's prologue. 

S A BOY I went to Newark, New Jl 

ithan Bartlett, when h called th 

Richard Jones, managing director of th 
Zinc Works in I grev\ 

t orks and remember when 

M3od, clean white oxide of zin< 
m the : a curios 

cer that, went to 
hem, P^ 

Lehieh Zinc Company's 

I went with him to build the Keystone 

Zinc Compa orks at Birmingham, 

Pennsylvania. I think he left the Birmingh ks and 

went to Bayonne, New Je remaining as 

manager of the Birmingham \ 

C. Mr. Charles Willi Philadelphia chemist, after- 

wards professor of chemistry at the State School of Mines, 
Rolla, Missouri, was employed as chemist :o assist me, or 
direct me, and he would spend about two days of each 
month at Birmingham. The bah the tim( - in 


<L It came up in my mind, "Why do they not make white 
lead by the same process used to make white zinc — sublime 
it with fire and catch it in bag This often came up in 

mv mind and it annoyed me so much that one day 1 put 

proved that 
C Ten 
(page ¥ 
strain the ail 

LilC bUlJJIlUlU 

why it was 

ssed on s 

as a 
C. Sometirm 
Lewis, of th( 
who assisted 
and made tl 
me to corm 
with a large 
cent in retu 
<L Since the 
problems to 
ceeded in ov 
another, unt 
a pigment f 
<L Oxide o 

good p; 


the question to Mr. Williams. His answer 

was that it was impossible. I suppose 

that I am of an inquiring mind, at 

, least I asked him why it was impos- 

KMi$ sible. He turned around to me 

r and said, " You're a fool." That 

^ped all talk between him and me 

ret. Of course I went on and 

although I had some trouble. 

5 after, in reacKig Percy's Metallurgy of Lead 

I found that he said it would be possible to 

and gases from lead fumes by using some kind 

>ric as a strainer, if it was not for the heat and 

: acid. If Mr. Williams had explained to me 

impossible >uld not be asking me to 

>u, but, not knowing the difficultly 
ind accomplished what Mr. Charles Williams 
fool for proposing 

t in the sixties I went to Mr. George T. 

i firm of John T. Lewis & Bros., Philadelphia, 

me with in ith which I built a works 

.periments. Mr. Lewis encouraged 

Joplin, Missouri, and backed me 

sum of money before realizing one 

-n \ had troubles and 

ne and have suc- 
■ming them, one after 

lint that has no equal, 
aint but will not stand hard 

checking, it being so hard and brittle. Sublimed White 
Lead has the good qualities of zinc, being made with fire, 
and the good qualities of carbonate of lead, without any 
of the bad qualities of either. 

C. After years of exposure a paint film of Sublimed White 
Lead remains white, firm and solid, and presents an excellent 
surface for repainting. No special preparation of the sur- 
face is necessary, and the old paint film will take and hold 
a new coat to the satisfaction of the most exacting painters. 

<-&&£3 o^^LaAS 





€L The proposition 
direct from the 

ay of the famili 
white lead indi 
incredulity. Tl 



^rtheless, in spite of dif- 
il and 
pr the 

the in\ 



stage the charge is subjected to a heat sufficiently intense 
to vaporize the lead contents with sufficient access of air to 
oxidize it into a basic sulphate compound of lead. 
C Powerful suction fans carry these volatilized vapors 
through a long series of sheet iron pipes cr flues, up around 
and through the famoi i being 

completed during the progress, until the cooled and c< 
densed white vapors of lead oxy-sulphate are I Elected 

in fabric condensers, which allow the gases of combustion 
to escape through their meshes. These condensers or col- 
lectors are in the form of lonp; baes, hunp- oerDendicularlv 
in a large building, technically known as trn 
C When it is remembered that in this j a pure 1< 

nent is carried in the form cries of 

winding flues for a distance of pra one thousand 

feet, until it is finally caught and retained in the fabric 
strainers (bags), it will be realized that the pigment par- 
ticles must be in a fine state of subdivision. As a matter of 
fact these ultimate particles of drv Sublimed White Lead are 
so fine as to be practically formless — perfectly amorphous. 
Many pigments, especially those torn 
of precipitation, 
sion, etc., are 
crystalline or crypto- 

talline, to use the 
chemical term; but no 
other pigment, except 
lamp black, approac 
sublimed lead in fine- 
ness and absence of 
structure; and there is no 
other pigment to which it 
can be compared in dura- 

like product obtained by the old or quick on proi 

C Intelligent painters and paint experts who have studied 
the question ar d on the proposition that u oil is the 

life of paint." It i important 

office of pi l \l and prol 

its life. It i chat one which 

will hold in i the larger proportion of 

oil will, make the more satisi 



C Sublimed \ 
chemically a bas 
lead. A i 

tain both the sulphat 
monoxide of U 

into a single chemical co 
pound, the 

dinary method 


is comp 

It is permanent in substance 
and unchangeable in color, 
and being unaffected by 
organic acids, no re 
g^ 4 ' > ' . tion is possible betv 

it and linseed oil —it is 
cctly inert. Being 
ite it is not affected 
jhurous or other ga 

the strong union 
luble in the liquids of 
the human body, and i ore non-poisonous. In f; 

it is ind in case of lacerated wounds 

ant they immediately rush to 
limed le 
C. ( duct — 

to the sul- 



with three coats of the best carbonate 
__ i ^ lead in oil, reduced to working 

4E consistency with pure linseed oil. 
Bfi.1 The tesr ^osed for three \ 

and one month. Surface ki B' 

painted in exactly the same 
inner with Pi >ub- 

(1, and 

during the difi suit. 

"A dull and lifeK 

while "B' 1 im dis- 

■nd full 
CL The 

to reduce 
it t( burn it 

with red stick with a 

Sublimed White 1 it a 

temperatur ni^LK-- 

equivalent t r s. ig I^^^J^ 

For thi> if the; 

other, we claim that it must be 

for general painting pur: 

frailer compound. It is 

nent, white and un 

so for all tin 

C. Sublimed White Le 

uncombined produ 

tages over the car! ind in order 

to reap the benefit of the 

and the manner 
affect hem i 

ters t iclusic 

r of th 

d as foil 
<L Zinc tends to 
crack, become t 

in w 

ficial destruction of the oil. Rair 
wind does not remove it. Even 
the oil has finally dried out rem 
to protect the paint beneath, which, 
as before noted, will be found to 
persist smooth and flawless, and as 
long as a vestige of it remains it pre- 
sents an ideal surface for repain I 
C. These qualities are what should 
be borne in mind when designing 
a ready mixed paint. Whatever the 
formula or whatever the propor- 
tions of each ingredient, the office 
of Sublimed White Lead will i 
give body to the zinc while correct- 
ing its tendenc 


i ' 

and to substitute for the fragility of lead carbonate, with its 
tendency to "go dead," to "check" and "chalk," the 
stable unchanging solidity of Sublimed White Lead. This 
pigment in combination with zinc alone, or with zinc and 
corroded lead would seem to make attainable the highest 
possible type of ready mixed paint, in which the known 
virtues of each would be utilized to the fullest extent, while 
the inherent defects of each are fully corrected by the 
others. The practical experience of the leading paint 
manufacturers has completely established the truth of this